Native Rice is that the seed of the grass species rice (Asian rice) or less normally monocot genus glaberrima (African rice). The name wild rice is sometimes used for species of the genera monocot genus and Porteresia, each wild and domesticated, though the term might also be used for primitive or uncultivated types of monocot genus.
As a cereal grain, domesticated rice is that the most generally consumed staple food for an outsized a part of the world's human population, particularly in Asia and Africa. it's the agricultural trade goods with the third-highest worldwide production (rice, 741.5 million metric tons (817.4 million short tons) in 2014), once sugarcane (1.9 billion metric tons (2.1 billion short tons)) and maize (1.0 billion metric tons (1.1 billion short tons)). Since sizable parts of sugarcane and maize crops square measure used for functions apart from human consumption, rice is that the most vital food crop with relevancy human nutrition and caloric intake, providing over twenty percent of the calories consumed worldwide by humans. There square measure many types of rice and preparation preferences tend to vary regionally.
Oryza sativa with tiny wind-pollinated flowers
The traditional methodology for cultivating rice is flooding the fields whereas, or after, setting the young seedlings. this straightforward methodology needs sound irrigation designing however reduces the expansion of less sturdy weed and gadfly plants that don't have any submerged growth state, and deters vermin. whereas flooding isn't necessary for the cultivation of rice, all alternative strategies of irrigation need higher effort in weed and gadfly management throughout growth periods and a unique approach for fertilizing the soil.
Cooked rice from Kingdom of Bhutan
Jumli Marshi, rice from Asian country
Rice will are available several shapes, colours and sizes.
Rice, a monocot, is often adult as Associate in Nursing annual plant, though in tropical areas it will survive as a perennial and may turn out a ratoon crop for up to thirty years. Rice cultivation is well-suited to countries and regions with low labor prices and high downfall, because it is effortful to cultivate and needs ample water. However, rice will be adult much anyplace, even on a steep hill or mountain space with the employment of water-controlling terrace systems. though its parent species square measure native to Asia and bound elements of Africa, centuries of trade and exportation have created it commonplace in several cultures worldwide.